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"Politicians from Turkey and the U.S. comment two countries relationship and current problems, foresight future relations... Presidents, Prime  Ministers, Ministers and Members of Parlement  all speak to TURKOFAMERICA, share their experiences and views with our readers. All exclusive interview from Ankara and Washington, D.C...  

 

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Two Foreign Policy Experts explain the meaning of President Biden's the Middle East Trip

Journalist Ali Cinar interviewed Prof.Herbert Reginbogin and Prof.Mark Meirowitz about ongoing President Biden's Israel and Saudi Arabia trip. 

Prof.Herbert Reginbogin, Catholic University of America

What is your expectation from President Biden's visit to Israel and Saudi Arabia? We have not seen a clear road map Middle East policy for the Biden Administration? What are the challenges? What can Biden Admin do in the Middle East?

I expect that the changes in European security by Russia's invasion of Ukraine prompted the meeting in Madrid last month by the U.S. and its NATO allies to demonstrate their unity and resolve to collectively defend NATO's territorial integrity against potential Russian incursion and solidarity for Ukraine, will continue in President Biden's bidding in the Middle East next week for a robust regional security architecture. While trying to sidestep the criticism from meeting with Saudi and Israeli figures considering the killing of journalists Jamal Khashoggi and Shireen Abu Aqleh, he is expected to lay out a more precise roadmap for the Middle East by making severe attempts to highlight strategic shifts to prioritize the playbook of promoting "regional integration" between Israel and its Arab neighbors as well as advocating human rights versus economic interests in his travel to the West Bank while meeting Palestinian leader Abbas.  He is expected to voice strong support for a two-state solution, with equal measures for security, freedom, and opportunity for the Palestinian people, which is an essential precondition for Saudi Arabia to join the Abraham Accords as well as the voices among the progressives in the Democratic Party about the unjust treatment of the Palestinians by the Israeli government.

Biden will likely pursue an active role in carrying out policies he believes are of a moral obligation/national interest to the U.S. government, overriding personal moral issues/human rights by emphasizing the context of his visit in terms of the long strategical partnership both the U.S. and Saudi Arabia have shared and that his meeting is focused on achieving stability and peace in the Middle East by bolstering the regional security framework embraced by the Abraham Accords. In 2020 Donald Trump and Benjamin Netanyahu, together with four Arab counties (U.A.E., Bahrain, Morocco, and Sudan), achieved a breakthrough in officially recognizing Israel. The impact has been greater integration displayed by increased trade and one-on-one contact among their citizens in developing an ecumenical dialogue of shared religious principles, as in the case of the U.A.E., Israel, and others. Biden is expected to continue using this framework to achieve a more extensive network for peace and security as he seeks assistance from the Saudis and other Gulf oil-producing countries to lower skyrocketing fuel prices to lessen global reliance on Russian energy exports while addressing U.S. arms exports and economic trade agreements to foster more significant security preparation for a conflict with  Iranian if the JCPOA should fail and respectively is alive to deal with the issues it fails to address such as supporting Iranian proxies on the Arabic Peninsula and building conventional missiles to be potentially used against Israel and neighboring Arab countries. 

All these issues will be weathered by the humanitarian needs in the region with halting the war in Yemen and Syria and the question of whether Biden can adequately address these controversial issues to attain a policy victory ahead of the U.S. midterm elections.

How would Turkey and the U.S. work in the Middle East, especially in Syria?

With U.S. President Joe Biden traveling to the Middle East since he took office eighteen months ago, his visit comes in the midst uniting the Middle East by neutralizing the Palestinian, Yemen, and Syrian conflicts in the region. In terms of the Syrian conflict, the U.S. supports the PYG/PYD as their allies against the Syrian government while Turkey perceives them as an offshoot of the PKK terrorist organization. To stabilize a working relationship among all three, the objective should be a humanitarian project to rid northern Syria of any forces intent to attack or destabilize Turkey by protecting civilian population when making a sweep of the area.  The three Turkey, U.S. and the YPG should be on the same page that their foe is the Syrian government, and all effort should be directed for this purpose otherwise there is legitimacy in Turkey’s accusation. According to reports that underground tunnels exist in northern Syria that lead to the border of Turkey and if these reports can be substantiated they should be jointly destroyed and investigated as to who is involved. Biden’s trip to the Middle East means that working relationships about coordinating military and diplomatic resources can be a watershed in rebuilding the image of Turkey both in the region and the U.S. but it will take a leap of trust and goodwill.  This can be managed if both presidents are committed to manage and control the situation personally. 

Prof. Mark Meirowitz,SUNY Maritime College

What is your expectation from President Biden's visit to Israel? 

The purpose of Biden's visit is  to reinforce the United States’ iron-clad commitment to Israel’s security and prosperity. That is all fine and good. There are not likely to be any breakthroughs because of the recent collapse of Israel's coalition government, which The Economist called the "coalition of contradictions". The caretaker government under Yair Lapid now is very weak leading up the the elections. Biden is not likely to upset the apple cart by making any earth-shaking announcements concerning the Palestinians, with whom he is planning to meet during his trip.  It has already been announced that the US will not reopen the US Consulate in Jerusalem (which President Trump had closed), but that the Palestinian Affairs Unit which previously reported to the US Ambassador in Israel will now be reconstituted as the Office of Palestinian Affairs and report directly up to the State Department in Washington. Nothing more should be expected at this time. Biden will be cafreful not to make statements or take actions that might interfere with the fragile Israeli political situation. 
Do you think that there would be a peace between Israel and Palestine during Biden admin? What would be best way to move forward?

The way forward will be paved by the Abraham Accords, with lip service to the issue of a peace settlement with the Palestinian Authority and the usual references to a "two-State solution". For Israel and the other participants in the Abraham Accords, the major and existential issue is the threat from Iran, not the Palestinian issue. Given the chaos in Israeli politics which is not likely to subside any time soon, and the continuing threat that Iran will go nuclear, there is virtually zero chance of a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority during the Biden administration. 
 
-Israeli elections.What would be your thoughts on the upcoming election?Having frequent elections in Israel good or bad?Why? 

Five elections in just four years' time is very problematic and is indicative of extreme instability. Israel is completely polarized. The recent coalition government which included an Arab party as coalition member has fallen and now there is a good chance than Netanyahu will be able to pull together the nationalist and right-wing parties to form a new coalition, but whether that coalition be able to achieve a majority and form a new government is unknown and uncertain. Israel is on a seesaw between opposite and incompatible political poles and there is no way in sight to bring these political players together in any form of compromise. 

Former U.S. Military Attaché Richard Outzen: "Turkey will launch an operation in Syria"

Non-Resident Fellow at Atlantic Council in Turkey, Richard Outzen spoke about recent developments between Turkey and U.S. to Bloomberg HT Journalist Ali Cinar.

WASHINGTON, DC, UNITED STATES, June 28, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ -- Former Pentagon Official Outzen stated that he had been concerned about the US' remarks regarding protecting stability in the region. He emphasized that there was no stability whatsoever. Outzen said, 'I see that we're no closer to reaching a final solution in Syria. Like the US, we prioritize our own interests.'

He also stated, 'US soldiers continue to operate on the east side of the Euphrates, and they continue to conduct anti-DEASH operations, albeit on a small scale. Of course, the US works with PKK off-shoot YPG in the region, and this is something that Turkey objects to.'

Atlantic Council Non Resident Fellow Outzen warned that 'a Turkish operation on the eastern bank of the Euphrates will be dangerous for the US as well.' He said that the US 'might have told Turkey that a small military operation might be acceptable.' 'The US won't give a major reaction to a small operation targeting Tal Rifat and Menbij,' he said.Outzen emphasized that the US, Turkey, and European Allies must continue to implement sanctions and 'prevent a new refugee wave and increase the pressure on Assad.'

Outzen: "The United States must follow a balanced policy with Turkey and Greece."

Former Pentagon Official Outzen said that there was an idea that the closer the US was to an ally, the more stable they would become. He underlined that Greece has specific hypotheses that cross the line. Outzen said that Greece definitely couldn't be an alternative to Turkey, reminding that Turkey was much bigger than Greece in a geographic and strategic location.

'If the US wants stability, then it must follow a balanced policy between Turkey and Greece, and it must mediate,' said Outzen, adding that in both countries, US ambassadors would share US policies with the public in a positive light.

Former Pentagon Official Outzen also said that Turkey's' concerns about Sweden and Finland's NATO bids were justifiable. Stating that Turkey manufactures about 70 percent of its own needs in the defense industry, Outzen said it is challenging to sell sizeable military ammunition to Turkey in this environment.Lastly, Outzen stated that there is still a problem in the US Congress, but the situation is not entirely hopeless.

Colonel Rich Outzen (Ret.) is a nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council in Turkey and a geopolitical analyst and consultant currently serving private sector clients as Dragoman LLC. His military service has also included tours in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and on the Joint Staff, and service as military attaché in Afghanistan and Israel.

Ali Cinar is a journalist based in Washington, DC. He represents Ciner Media US Group(Haberturk TV and Bloomberg HT). Ali Cinar was awarded the Ellis Island Medal of Honor and was the youngest Turkish American to receive this award in over 30 years. He is a Ph.D. candidate in Communication at Liberty University,

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Ukrainian President Zelensky Calls for Support from G7

 

Ukrainian President Zelensky Calls for Support from G7

Ukrainian President Volodimir Zelensky joined the G7 summit that remotely brings the seven wealthiest economies in the world. He said that his country required more support to protect itself.

Zelensky warned that Russia was stepping up its rocket attacks against Ukraine and said, 'I need modern and effective air defense systems to ensure the safety of the civilian population and protect our cities. Heavier sanctions should be implemented against Russia. It is important to consider effective mechanisms that can remove obstacles preventing Ukraine's grain export and keep the global food supply intact.'

US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan said that in his remote remarks, Zelensky described his country's current situation and how his government allocated the financial and military support they had received so far. Sullivan also stated that the Ukrainian leader gave the message that in the struggle against Russia, he was determined to bring his country to an advantageous position in the coming months.

Sullivan pointed to the next 24 hours for a possible Biden-Erdoğan meeting.

While answering questions for the press, Sullivan said that there wasn't an exact program for President Joe Biden to meet with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan during the NATO Summit that will take place in Madrid. But he said there could be developments in the next 24 hours.

G7 pledges support to Ukraine

On the other hand, G7 leaders issued a joint statement affirming their continued support for Ukraine shortly after Zelensky spoke to them today. The statement said, 'We will continue to provide financial, humanitarian, military, and diplomatic support and stand with Ukraine as long as it takes,' and it emphasized that Ukraine had the support of the G7 when it came to protecting its territorial integrity, defending itself, and determining its future.

Journalist Ali Cinar explained the outcome of the G7 summit that was held in Germany on Bloomberg HT yesterday.

Secretary Blinken: 'Sweden and Finland have more than enough to become NATO members.'

Secretary of State Antony Blinken held a joint press conference Wednesday morning with NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg.

Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said they exchanged views on NATO's preparations for present and future threats. He stated that there are different topics, from hacking attacks on the internet to China's increasing armament, from security issues that emerged with climate change to the new situation in Europe after Russia's attack on Ukraine.

Blinken reminded that the US had sent 20,000 soldiers to strengthen NATO's eastern flank since the start of Russia's attack on Ukraine and pointed out that, similarly, NATO member countries have maintained their military presence in the region.

Stating that the US continues its military support to Ukraine with the new aid package, the US Secretary of State noted that they aim to enable Ukraine to defend itself more intensely and to sit on the table more strongly against Russia in the next meetings. President Joe Biden made the same point in his column in the New York Times today.Secretary Blinken also said that Ukraine has guaranteed that it will never use the weapons it bought from the United States to target Russian territory other than to defend its territory.

Touching upon Sweden and Finland's application for NATO membership, Secretary Blinken, said, 'These countries applied for NATO membership not because their leaders imposed it, but because their citizens wanted it.'

'The United States strongly supports Finland and Sweden becoming NATO members. These countries have more than enough qualifications to become members of the alliance as soon as possible. NATO will become stronger with the participation of these countries. Like the United States, we expect Finland and Sweden to become members of this strongest alliance in history,' he said.

 

Turkey, Finland, and Sweden delegations will meet in Brussels.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg also drew attention to the support given by the US to Ukraine and said that the help of the US continues to make a difference for Ukraine every day at the front. Stoltenberg also expressed his satisfaction with the new military aid package announced by the United States to Ukraine today.

NATO Secretary-General pointed out that NATO has already strengthened its presence in Europe with more than 100,000 troops in the air and at sea and has prevented Moscow from making wrong calculations.

Stoltenberg said that Russian President Vladimir Putin set out to have less NATO presence, but at the point reached today, he is facing more NATO troops and more NATO member countries in Europe.

Describing Finland and Sweden's applications to become NATO members as historic, Stoltenberg said that the membership of these two countries would further strengthen NATO.

Turk of America Journalist Ali Cinar interviewed by Haberturk TV and Bloomberg HT after the joint conference.

Call on Congress to Split COVID and Ukraine Supplemental Funding

President Joe Biden stated that he was willing to have Congress pass two separate bills to secure funds to 33 billion dollars aid Ukraine and 10 billion dollars COVID-19.

President Biden called on Congress to prioritize aid for Ukraine first, then focus on securing extra funds to combat COVID-19.

The  Democrats in the US Congress unanimously support prioritizing the Ukraine aid bill. The House of Representatives can pass the bill—higher than the $33 billion requested by President Biden—as early as next week. Senate leaders also signaled that they were ready to take swift action.

On April 28, Biden asked Congress to pass a $33 billion aid package that included more than $20 billion of military aid for Ukraine. This proposition significantly increases the US funds allocated for the war against Russia.

The new plan includes an additional $3.4 billion in military aid and $3.4 billion in humanitarian assistance.

Both Democrats and Republicans support providing more aid to Ukraine and promise to take swift action to approve the emergency funds. But the Ukraine aid bill was prolonged due to the discussions regarding the addition of COVID-19 aid  and resources to enforce tighter migration controls to the package.

'Funds to support Ukraine with weapons will run out in two weeks.'

The Department of Defense issued a statement saying that the US would soon run out of funds and could only provide weapons to Kyiv for two weeks.

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said he was pleased with the decoupling of the Ukraine aid from the COVID-19 funding. McConnell advocated for the separation of the two bills in his speeches in the Senate.

But confident Democrats wanted COVID-19 funding and Ukraine aid to be included in the same package.

Dick Durbin—the number two Democrat in the Senate—stated that 'It would have been so much better for us to protect the United States as well as worked to protect Ukraine.'

President Biden also called for swift action on COVID-19 funding. Biden said, 'Without timely COVID-19 funding, more Americans will die needlessly.'

According to Ali Cinar,President Biden hosted Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi and her colleagues in the White House Situation Room on Tuesday afternoon.The House  will vote on 40 billion dollar Ukraine supplemental aid  tonight.

The $40B Ukraine supplemental includes $19.8B for DoD, ~$3.4B more than Biden sought. That includes: -$8.7B to replenish stocks -$6B for Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative -$3.9B for EUCOM support -$600M for Defense Production Act -$550M for critical munitions and exports'

New York City Mayor Adams Hosts Iftar Dinner with Turkish Dishes

New York City Mayor Eric Adams hosted an Iftar Dinner for members of the Muslim community of New York City - which constitutes the majority of Muslims living in the US. Meat-free Turkish dishes were served during the reception. 

This was the first reception of New York's ambitious new Mayor Adams since recovering from COVID-19, and he hosted an Iftar Dinner for Muslims living in and around New York.

The Iftar dinner reception has been held at the Mayor's residence Gracia Mansion up until now. For the first time, this dinner took place in one of the historical landmarks of the US, the "Surrogate's Court." The "Beaux-Arts" style building was designed to be fireproof to provide maximum protection for the paper records of the city. The steel-framed structure has a granite exterior, and it is made up of seven floors with exquisite marble interiors.

Meanwhile, Adams - who was elected by a significant margin with support from the Muslim and Jewish communities and has worked tirelessly since the day he was elected - is expected to announce his bid for the 2024 candidacy in case President Joe Biden doesn't run a second time. 

Around 300 members of the Muslim community and consuls general of Muslim-majority countries attended the dinner, which took place for the 14th time. Numerous female leaders of the Muslim community were also in attendance.

President Biden warns Chinese Leader against helping Russia

U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping have spoken to each other for the first time regarding the situation in Ukraine.

Following the discussion, Chinese state television stated that Chinese President Xi had said that the war would not benefit anyone and that Washington and Beijing needed to do their part for world peace. During the discussion, which lasted one hour and 50 minutes, Chinese President Xi told President Biden that known people from the U.S. had certainly sent very inappropriate messages to Taiwan demanding its independence and that this was very dangerous.

On the other hand, a statement made by the White House expressed that President Biden had stated, "There will be consequences if China provides financial support to Russia while this country is continuing its relentless attacks on the cities and civilians of Ukraine." It was further explained that President Biden had told Chinese President  Xi that the U.S. stance on Taiwan had not changed and the U.S. was currently in favor of the status quo continuing and that they would not support anyone who was against this. In addition, Taiwan's Foreign Ministry, in its statement, thanked Biden for his support for protecting the status quo of the Taiwan strait and maintaining the security of Taiwan.

Beijing commented on Xi's warning that sanctions only cause the suffering of common citizens.

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken stated that the news that China is considering providing aid to Russia directly in the form of military equipment is alarming.

"I agree that war crimes have been committed in Ukraine."

Secretary of State Blinken said that he agreed with President Biden's statement that war crimes were being committed in Ukraine.

Secretary Blinken said, "Personally, I agree that targeting civilians is a war crime. After all the destruction over the past three weeks, I find it difficult to conclude that the Russians are doing otherwise."

Having expressed that American experts are in the process of documenting and evaluating evidence of possible war crimes being committed in Ukraine, Blinken said, "Intentionally targeting civilians is a war crime."

The U.S. Secretary of State also said, "We believe Moscow may be setting the stage to use chemical weapons and then falsely blame Ukraine in order to justify escalating its attacks on the Ukrainian people." He also said that it is likely that Russia is planning to systematically kidnap local officials in Ukraine and replace them with puppets, a tactic that may have already been staged.

Secretary Blinken also said Russian journalists for the state media are resigning from their jobs, as "they can't stomach parroting Putin's lies anymore."

Blinken added that the most recent remarks from the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, signal that he is moving in the opposite direction from diplomacy. Antony Blinken said, "I haven't seen any tangible efforts from the Russian side to end this war with diplomacy."

Growing Momentum as More Republican Mayors and Local Party Leaders Back Selen for Congress

(Chatham, NJ) – Republican County Commissioner Tayfun Selen rolled out five new endorsements from across Morris County, demonstrating continued momentum heading into the Morris County Republican Convention just over two weeks from today. The latest list includes Pequannock Mayor Melissa Florance-Lynch, Rockaway Borough Mayor Tom Mulligan, and Pequannock Councilwoman Kyle Russell as well as Republican Municipal Chairs Sydney Ugalde (Randolph) and Daniel Bevere (Chatham Township). Randolph, Pequannock and Chatham Township are all among the top 10 largest municipalities among Republican primary voters in the Morris County portion of Congressional District 11. Endorsements announced earlier this week from Parsippany, Rockaway Township, and Jefferson Township - which combined account for nearly one-third of all Republican Primary voters in the Morris portion of District 11 – show the growing unity around Selen’s candidacy.

Spokesperson Ned Price:“The long-standing position of the U.S. remains the same


U.S. State Department Spokesperson Ned Price stated that U.S. supports efforts to reduce tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean, including continuing talks between Turkey and Greece.

In his daily press briefing, Price answered a journalist's question about the impact of the renewal of the defense cooperation agreement between the U.S. and Greece on Washington's policy in the Eastern Mediterranean and Turkish-American relations.

Spokesperson Ned Price said, "We support the efforts to reduce tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean, including the continuation of exploration talks between Greece and Turkey."

Price said, "As a matter of principle, we encourage all countries to resolve maritime border issues through peace and dialogue according to international laws. As you know, the U.S. does not take a stand on how other countries should find a solution to their maritime border disputes."

During the telephone briefing, another journalist asked about President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's statements that signal an operation in Syria. The same issue was raised during the department's briefing yesterday; Ned Price replied similarly as well today.

"We condemn the cross-border attack against our NATO ally Turkey; we express our condolences to the families of the Turkish national police officers who have lost their lives in Syria. This, from our perspective, has been another important occasion as we underline the importance of maintaining cease-fire lines and halting cross-border attacks," said Price and he stated that all parties must maintain and respect cease-fire zones to enhance stability in Syria, and to work towards a political solution for the conflict.

Secretary Blinken's Support Letter to Greek Prime Minister 
 
Secretary Antony Blinken sent a letter to Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis after signing the 3rd. US-Greece Strategic Dialogue and 2nd. bilateral Mutual Defense Cooperation Agreement (MDCA).Secretary Blinken highlighted that US “remains committed to supporting Greece’s prosperity, security and democracy.”

75th UNGA President Bozkır: 83 Heads of state and 55 Prime Ministers expected to attend this year's UNGA

75th UNGA President Bozkır:  83 Heads of state and 55 Prime Ministers expected to attend this year's UNGA

Volkan Bozkır, President of the 75th United Nations General Assembly, whose term of office ends next week, evaluated his one-year term at the press conference. Bozkır said that he carried out his presidency in the most challenging period caused by the pandemic.

He will hand over his duty to Maldives Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdulla Shahid, elected as the president of the 76th UN General Assembly on September 14; Bozkır also stated that despite all the challenges and the negatives, the General Assembly fulfilled its duties during his term.

Bozkır also expressed that the UN General Assembly discussed various draft resolutions in 101 meetings; 320 resolutions were taken, high-level meetings were held, and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres's term of office was extended during his term.

"The UN is the only global power standing during the pandemic."

Stating that he continued his duty in the deserted corridors of the UN due to the pandemic and that the meetings were held in a virtual environment for a long time, Bozkır said, "Frankly, I did not like these virtual meetings. It was quite different from the one-on-one and face-to-face meetings we are used to, but it was necessary due to the conditions of the period we went through." Bozkır noted that the UN is the only international organization that could survive despite all the adverse conditions.

"People trust the UN, but they must see reciprocity."

Bozkır stated that when he was in charge and went to the Middle East to see the situation of the refugees on the site and also to the Caribbean due to the hurricane, in all the countries he visited, people applauded when they saw the UN flag. "I respect all the flags of all countries, but the most respected flag in today's world is the UN flag. I have personally seen this on the official visits I have done. People like the UN. The UN has to do so much more for these people."

Stating that the UN should realize the affection and trust of people, Bozkır criticized the global organization for not standing by people enough when necessary. Bozkır said, "The UN steps in after the crises are faced, not before. The UN has the capacity to intervene before crises arise in the world. It needs to demonstrate this capacity. The UN must prevent these crises instead of sending the Peacekeeping Forces."

Answering the question of a journalist regarding what he will do after this, Bozkır stated, "I am still a member of the Turkish parliament. I am appointed to this duty temporarily for a year."

"The UN does not pay a salary to the presidents of the General Assembly."

Bozkır also mentioned the challenges faced by the people elected to the presidency of the UN General Assembly once they arrive in New York City, saying, "You are not getting paid because you are the president of the UN General Assembly. Your rent is not covered. I think the UN should pay a salary. The first problem you face when you are appointed to this position is that you do not have health insurance in your new country of residence. If the people appointed to the position come from a small country, they face challenges because they cannot receive a salary from the UN. Some of the presidents of the General Assembly who find themselves in this situation have to resort to other remedies. I trusted my own country for this duty. I was sure that Turkey would support me both on financial issues and since I did not have health insurance."

Which leaders will come to New York for the 76th UN General Assembly?

It is not yet clear how many world leaders will physically be there and which countries will attend the high-level meetings that took place on a completely virtual basis last year due to the pandemic.

The US called for the country leaders who will attend the high-level meetings of the General Assembly to be held this year to either attend via video conference or to keep the number of delegations at a minimum if they plan to attend physically. It was announced that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan would be in New York between September 19 to September 22 in order to attend the 76th UN Security Council.

Bozkır responded to a question regarding this attendance as such: "We wish for an utmost level of attendance of leaders to the General Assembly. The UN General Assembly is the most democratic platform in the world where leaders can express themselves, but there is also the issue of the host country. The US holds the opinion that attendance should be through video conferences. We cannot tell them to come and attend physically in this case. As of now, 83 presidents and 55 prime ministers are planning to come to New York. Twenty-six leaders will join via video call. Twenty-three countries are expected to be represented by their minister of foreign affairs."

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