Today is a critical day for the relationship between Turkey and the West.

President Tayyip Erdogan has told the Turkish Foreign Ministry to expel 10 Ambassadors, including the U.S Ambassador to Turkey., for demanding the release of businessman Osman Karvara, who has been imprisoned by Turkey for over four years.

CNN Turk correspondent Ali Cinar interviewed Mary Beth Long, the former Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs. Former Pentagon Official Long shared her thoughts on the ongoing tension between two NATO Allies.
Here are the highlights from Mary Beth Long: 

-The Nature of the system of the S400 was such that any F-35's in the region would possibly be at risk.

-It was not only an issue between the U.S. and Turkey but would very possibly endanger the use of that advanced aircraft for all the participants in the program.

-If Turkey expels U.S. Ambassador to Turkey, that would be the end of [] any aircraft, whether it is the F-16 or other going to Turkey.

-It will be very difficult for Congress to approve the F-16 purchase for Turkey, [] even before the Kavala case.

-Nobody in the Biden administration wants Turkey to leave NATO and wants Turkey to feel like it needs to play the NATO card to be heard.

-Erdogan needs to understand that surely Turkish people do not want Turkey to stand alone. So either She stands alone, stands in NATO or stands with Russia

-Turkish people and the Turkish economy have suffered enough an aligning oneself with Russia doesn't offer a future for the people of Turkey, therefore, does not offer a future for Erdogan

-Russia and China get Turkey nowhere. China and Russia don't care about Turkey, and they can't help Turkey
Who is Mary Beth Long:

U.S. Returns to U.N. Human Rights Council

The United States  regained a seat on the UN Human Rights Council, which President Trump  abandoned in 2018 because of what it called the body’s hypocrisy and anti-Israel prejudice.

U.N. General Assembly voted on the participation of 18 new members to the 47 member Human Rights Council. The U.S. was one of the countries that needed an absolute majority vote to win a seat on the council. As no country encountered competition within its regional group, there were no barriers to candidates joining the council. The United States received the votes of 168 member countries in the secret ballot held in the 193-member General Assembly, and it will begin its 3-year membership on the 1st of January.

The U.N. Human Rights Council members are selected according to geographical regions within the scope of the principle of equal representation. Members cannot serve in the council for more than two consecutive terms. The General Assembly selected Kazakhstan, Gambia, Benin, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Malaysia, Paraguay, Honduras, Luxembourg, Finland, Montenegro, and Lithuania as new members to the council voting that took place today. Cameroon, Eritrea, Somalia, India and Argentina were re-elected to the council. The U.S. was the second country with the lowest votes, after Eritrea, which received 144 votes.

Stating that "the lack of competition in this year's Human Rights Council vote is a mockery of the concept of 'elections','', U.N. Director of Human Rights Monitoring, Louis Charbonneau asserted that "the election to the council of countries with serious human rights violations, such as Cameroon, Eritrea, and the United Arab Emirates, sends a very negative message that U.N. member states are not taking the protection of human rights seriously, which is the council's main mission."

U.S. Permanent Representative to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield stated that Washington would primarily focus on "what can be achieved for countries with urgent needs such as Afghanistan, Burma, China, Ethiopia, Syria, and Yemen."

In his statement, Ambassador Thomas-Greenfield said, "Our goals are clear; to stand with those who defend human rights, to oppose human rights violations."

Spokesperson Ned Price:“The long-standing position of the U.S. remains the same

U.S. State Department Spokesperson Ned Price stated that U.S. supports efforts to reduce tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean, including continuing talks between Turkey and Greece.

In his daily press briefing, Price answered a journalist's question about the impact of the renewal of the defense cooperation agreement between the U.S. and Greece on Washington's policy in the Eastern Mediterranean and Turkish-American relations.

Spokesperson Ned Price said, "We support the efforts to reduce tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean, including the continuation of exploration talks between Greece and Turkey."

Price said, "As a matter of principle, we encourage all countries to resolve maritime border issues through peace and dialogue according to international laws. As you know, the U.S. does not take a stand on how other countries should find a solution to their maritime border disputes."

During the telephone briefing, another journalist asked about President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's statements that signal an operation in Syria. The same issue was raised during the department's briefing yesterday; Ned Price replied similarly as well today.

"We condemn the cross-border attack against our NATO ally Turkey; we express our condolences to the families of the Turkish national police officers who have lost their lives in Syria. This, from our perspective, has been another important occasion as we underline the importance of maintaining cease-fire lines and halting cross-border attacks," said Price and he stated that all parties must maintain and respect cease-fire zones to enhance stability in Syria, and to work towards a political solution for the conflict.

Secretary Blinken's Support Letter to Greek Prime Minister 
Secretary Antony Blinken sent a letter to Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis after signing the 3rd. US-Greece Strategic Dialogue and 2nd. bilateral Mutual Defense Cooperation Agreement (MDCA).Secretary Blinken highlighted that US “remains committed to supporting Greece’s prosperity, security and democracy.”

USEA Director Hollis:' We need to find ways to work together"

CNNTurk interviewed United States Energy Association Acting Director Sheila Hollis.Director Hollis highlighted the importance between U.S. and Turkey energy partnership.

Here are the highlights:

Energy Partnership Opportunities between Two Countries:

U.S. is developing a lot of things that are right now that are going to be responsive to reducing CO2 overall, and I think that's something Turkey would want to do, too. You have tremendous hydro resources already and would not emit a tremendous sophistication in that arena. You have a lot of sunshine in Turkey too. So I think that those three things are things that we can all agree on. That's obviously the complexities of world politics and up the ups and downs of all of the countries around all of us, in the world in these tumultuous and demanding times with respect, certainly COVID, but transcends COVID. I think that there's definitely a way for us to continue to work together.We need each other for trade purposes, we need each other for cultural purposes. We just need each other and it is such a complicated unfolding world, basically what's going on in the Middle East. And what's going on in Europe with respect to energy supplies, the need is so great. In many countries, the resilience is low, the transition from coal heavy coal going on, but you have to replace it with something that's available, affordable, and can be deployed. So we both share having large countries with diversity, diversity of energy, diversity of people, diversity of perspectives.

Energy Crisis and Resources Worldwide :

I think we both need to continue to explore how do we get there, how do we reach the promised land where we're reducing CO2 over time, at a pace which is achievable, without diminishing the basic human need to, to receive energy and to utilize energy.We're looking at hundreds of years since the beginning of time, we've been able to track changes in the biosphere, changes in the structure, the geological structure of the country, there's continuous movement under the under the earth, as you know, we have all the earthquakes, all of the geological things that are developing and aren't could just continue on, we can see that the the, beneath our feet, the world is changing continuously. And there are many aspects that are just from an astronomical standpoint, there's a lot of things that are happening in the universe, which impact whether it's a meteor, or we know that there's things in the universe which impact earth as we know it. Whether it's solar, solar flares, solar, solar winters, there's a lot of things which may or may not have something to do, we have a pretty small entity in that huge universe, the earth. So I think that the honest Fact is, we have got to find ways to work together and get through the short term and medium term until we develop energy, which is non emitting clean, accessible, renewable, and conserve the needs of the world, because we still have 30% of the world, the human beings in the world have no energy at all, they have no energy supply at all. And that is one of the great, shocking statistics when you get down to it. So how do we get energy from those people just for their survival? And B, how do we get energy to peoples of the world that may have some form of energy, but they're not able to participate in modern society because they don't have electric energy, and that they can utilize electronic devices to communicate with one another. So there's a whole lot of layers of things that have to happen without us. I think, for those of us that actually were impacted by that time, it changed the mindset to try and develop, develop, develop, develop our own resources, and be ready.

Sometimes we fall off the side of the road that doesn't tend to it as much, but I think every country has got to take a look at what their energy supply is. There are some countries that have such limited energy supplies, in order to keep the populace alive and for the developed world to give them energy and usca. Let me say the USEA is working hard in those countries, Uganda has only 30% of the people who have energy supply, and it's hydro. And so we're trying to help them plan out a transmission system to distribute that hydro further to more people. But those things cannot be done with a snap of a finger. These are long term projects, and to train the people to get the people up and running as to how to run a huge huge hydro system, how to develop the transmission lines, how to keep the transmission line. First, how to cite them, how to keep them safe, and how to get them to the people that have always made them, that's just one segment of the complexities of the world. Just looking at the facts on the ground, the stunning facts of the lack of energy and 30% of the world is a harsh reality. So we're trying to deal with that we're trying to do it in a way which takes account of the environmental issues, which takes account of co2, which says all those things. But first, we've got to get energy from them. And then we can try to build it out in a way that diminishes the chances for more out of control CO2 emissions, and we have to clean up what we got. So there, that's where the energy, that's where the energy world is a sophisticated player in the energy world.

Energy is the core of everything in most countries, it's where the action is. It's the infrastructure, it's where the what's where the dollars are, the money is so big associated with energy. It's a huge problem. It's, it's, I'd say, the environment and energy is probably at poverty, poverty, displaying poverty in many countries, it is the challenge we have, in addition to the political, religious, cultural, ongoing sagas that have inflicted on one another worldwide for four centuries.

Paris Climate Agreement,Turkey's Recent Action and Upcoming Glasgow Summit

Well, I think the assumption is that there will be good things that will come out of that very good things. And that Turkey because it has resources, it needs more, but it has resources and it has sophisticated technology. And they and a very sophisticated coterie of scientists and thinkers, and visionaries who can take their knowledge and contributed beyond the shores of Turkey and to move to take some of the things that have been learned in Turkey, how you've been able to utilize hydro, how you've been able to export import, how you've been able to move the Turkish economy in a direction which has diversity and energy supply.

I think the sharing of Turkey's wisdom, its resources, its technologies will be very helpful, and will be very helpful in understanding all of the extreme complexities of politics and cultural differences and all that. Turkey is a big and important country, and it has sophisticated, highly educated people who are able to deploy those intellectual gifts and knowledge further in the development of energy, and to, and really, from a diplomatic standpoint really make tremendous progress in that respect.

I know Turkey participates in a lot of things with respect to development and grid, and utilize your expertise and gain from others expertise. And it takes bravery, it takes intelligence, it takes commitment to overcome the walls that may have been built by one party or another over centuries of interactions. And to go and look at the big picture as to how the world can be helped. I think that's something that developed countries like Turkey must consider their role in the world as a very significant and mature country.

About Sheila Hollis:

About USEA:

Mazurkevich: Ukraine needs to become a member of NATO.

Turk of America interviewed Ulana Mazurkevich, the President of the Ukrainian Human Rights Committee; President of the Ukrainian Community Committee, Philadelphia. She recently received a medal from Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

Turkish - Ukrainian relations

I am so happy that Ukraine's neighbor Turkey has become a good friend and ally of Ukraine. I remember when Turkey was the first country to recognize the independence of Ukraine, when Ukraine voted on December 1, 1991, to become independent. 

 Turkey's and Ukraine's geography make it essential for them to have a close working relationship. After the invasion and seizure of Crimea by Russia, Turkey responded with strong condemnation of Russia. The human rights abuses that Russia waged and is waging in Crimea were deplorable. The deportation of Crimean Tartars, which is going on in Crimea, was first used by Stalin in changing the nationality of parts of Ukraine; the confiscation of their property, the closing of Ukrainian and Tartar schools, the mass arrests of activists this list of attacks against the Ukrainians and Crimea Tartars is never-ending in today's Crimea, which is under occupation by Russia.

Ukraine Relationship with U.S. and NATO

It is very important for Ukraine to become a member of NATO. Ukraine, in its foreign policy, is a strong ally of the West. Today, Ukraine stands as a bulwark against Russian aggression. It is fighting a hot war in the eastern part of the country. Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians died or were wounded in this war with Russia. In this war, Ukraine stands alone. Many countries have voiced their support for Ukraine. I know that Ukraine appreciates this support. But, it does stand alone in defending its sovereignty. If Ukraine was a member of NATO, would Russia invade Crimea and western Ukraine? That is a question that is difficult to answer.

President Zelensky of Ukraine had a good and positive meeting with President Biden on September 1, 2021. In the Ukrainian Diaspora, we were encouraged by the joint statements issued after the meeting. Now it is up to the United States to deliver on its promises and for Ukraine to live up to its commitments.

There are additional things we would like to see from the Biden Administration. We would like the U.S .to revitalize the Strategic Partnership Commission and upgrade to the Charter of Strategic Partnership. We would like Russia to be excluded from the SWIFT payment system, which would be a strong solid blow to their economy. Of course, we would like President Biden to visit Ukraine shortly; a trip like that would send a powerful support for Ukraine.

Crimea is Ukraine

I defiantly think this will happen. Of course, it won't be tomorrow. But it will happen. It is too expensive for Russia to maintain. Once greater sanctions are implemented on Moscow by the United States and the European Union, this will speed up the end result. 

When I think about Turkey and Ukraine, I remember when I first visited Istanbul. The one thing I desperately wanted to see was the grave of Roxolana, the wife of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent. Roxolana was a young Ukrainian girl who was captured in a raid by Turks; she became the most powerful woman in the kingdom and advised Suleyman in his military conquests. In my Saturday Ukrainian school, I also remember that we would read stories about the Turks crossing the Black Sea, landing on the shores of Ukraine, raiding villages, and capturing boys and girls who would serve the Sultan. It was said that the young boys who were captured would become the fiercest fighters in the Sultan's army. Probably many in Turkey have Ukrainian DNA in part because of these raids. Ali, who knows, you might have a Ukrainian DNA link.!

Medal from Ukrainian President 

I was very honored and humbled to personally receive a medal (award) from the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, for my human rights work on behalf of Ukraine. It was a wonderful moment in my life, and I will cherish the memory and the beautiful medal. It's a gorgeous metal inlaid with amethyst stones. When we have an in-person Ethnic Council meeting will bring my medal to show.

75th UNGA President Bozkır: 83 Heads of state and 55 Prime Ministers expected to attend this year's UNGA

75th UNGA President Bozkır:  83 Heads of state and 55 Prime Ministers expected to attend this year's UNGA

Volkan Bozkır, President of the 75th United Nations General Assembly, whose term of office ends next week, evaluated his one-year term at the press conference. Bozkır said that he carried out his presidency in the most challenging period caused by the pandemic.

He will hand over his duty to Maldives Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdulla Shahid, elected as the president of the 76th UN General Assembly on September 14; Bozkır also stated that despite all the challenges and the negatives, the General Assembly fulfilled its duties during his term.

Bozkır also expressed that the UN General Assembly discussed various draft resolutions in 101 meetings; 320 resolutions were taken, high-level meetings were held, and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres's term of office was extended during his term.

"The UN is the only global power standing during the pandemic."

Stating that he continued his duty in the deserted corridors of the UN due to the pandemic and that the meetings were held in a virtual environment for a long time, Bozkır said, "Frankly, I did not like these virtual meetings. It was quite different from the one-on-one and face-to-face meetings we are used to, but it was necessary due to the conditions of the period we went through." Bozkır noted that the UN is the only international organization that could survive despite all the adverse conditions.

"People trust the UN, but they must see reciprocity."

Bozkır stated that when he was in charge and went to the Middle East to see the situation of the refugees on the site and also to the Caribbean due to the hurricane, in all the countries he visited, people applauded when they saw the UN flag. "I respect all the flags of all countries, but the most respected flag in today's world is the UN flag. I have personally seen this on the official visits I have done. People like the UN. The UN has to do so much more for these people."

Stating that the UN should realize the affection and trust of people, Bozkır criticized the global organization for not standing by people enough when necessary. Bozkır said, "The UN steps in after the crises are faced, not before. The UN has the capacity to intervene before crises arise in the world. It needs to demonstrate this capacity. The UN must prevent these crises instead of sending the Peacekeeping Forces."

Answering the question of a journalist regarding what he will do after this, Bozkır stated, "I am still a member of the Turkish parliament. I am appointed to this duty temporarily for a year."

"The UN does not pay a salary to the presidents of the General Assembly."

Bozkır also mentioned the challenges faced by the people elected to the presidency of the UN General Assembly once they arrive in New York City, saying, "You are not getting paid because you are the president of the UN General Assembly. Your rent is not covered. I think the UN should pay a salary. The first problem you face when you are appointed to this position is that you do not have health insurance in your new country of residence. If the people appointed to the position come from a small country, they face challenges because they cannot receive a salary from the UN. Some of the presidents of the General Assembly who find themselves in this situation have to resort to other remedies. I trusted my own country for this duty. I was sure that Turkey would support me both on financial issues and since I did not have health insurance."

Which leaders will come to New York for the 76th UN General Assembly?

It is not yet clear how many world leaders will physically be there and which countries will attend the high-level meetings that took place on a completely virtual basis last year due to the pandemic.

The US called for the country leaders who will attend the high-level meetings of the General Assembly to be held this year to either attend via video conference or to keep the number of delegations at a minimum if they plan to attend physically. It was announced that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan would be in New York between September 19 to September 22 in order to attend the 76th UN Security Council.

Bozkır responded to a question regarding this attendance as such: "We wish for an utmost level of attendance of leaders to the General Assembly. The UN General Assembly is the most democratic platform in the world where leaders can express themselves, but there is also the issue of the host country. The US holds the opinion that attendance should be through video conferences. We cannot tell them to come and attend physically in this case. As of now, 83 presidents and 55 prime ministers are planning to come to New York. Twenty-six leaders will join via video call. Twenty-three countries are expected to be represented by their minister of foreign affairs."

Biden 9/11 Message; " Unity is our greatest strength. "

The United States is still questioning and trying to understand the reason behind the terrorist attacks of 9/11, even though it has been 20 years. In particular, the question, "Why have we fought in Afghanistan for 20 years?" and the consequences thereof are being discussed more openly by the American public. While the Biden administration states that the evacuation of 124,000 people from Afghanistan in a short span of time is a great success, the Republican wing expresses that many Americans are still left stranded, saying that the backgrounds of some Afghan refugees who arrived in the US should be seriously investigated.

In the first week of August, the relatives of the victims of 9/11 published a written statement, expressing they did not want to see President Biden at the commemoration ceremonies unless he gave consent to release  of classified information for the 9/11 attacks. Upon this, President Biden made a statement saying, "To uphold my pledge I made during the campaign, I am ordering the repeal of the confidentiality order about the 9/11 attacks and making it public." Thus, a crisis that might have arisen during the commemoration ceremonies was prevented. In fact, the relatives of the 9/11 victims want to know whether the Saudi Arabian government was involved in these attacks. Regarding this, Federal Authorities released first classified document last Saturday and will continue to share more documents  with the public within six months. However, it is likely that the sections that target or might target any country, including Saudi Arabia, will be censored. Therefore, it would be wrong to expect a significant surprise in the confidential documents to be released. As you may remember, President Trump's U.S. Attorney General, William Burr, rejected a similar request and cited factors that could threaten American national security as the reason for the rejection.

I was at the 20th Anniversary Commemoration of 9/11 in New York City on Saturday morning, which President Biden and the First Lady attended. The President was visibly pensive as the names of the people who had lost their lives were called one by one.While the relatives of the victims were present at the memorial, other people were not allowed into the area without permission due to security concerns and the pandemic. A total of 2997 people lost their lives in the 9/11 attacks, and 41% of those could not be identified. While only one Turkish citizen, Zühtü İbiş, lost his life in the attacks on the World Trade Center, I encountered many people like Turan Ayaz, an engineer working in the World Trade Center, who was able to save his life at the last moment.

I had the chance to interview some witnesses who experienced the 9/11 attacks in New York. I specifically asked them what has changed in the US over the last 20 years and what consequences they have seen. Kahraman Haliscelik,former Vice President of United Nations Correspondent Association, was the first Turkish Journalist to arrive at the scene of  collapsed twin towers on 9/11.What he has told me is that "The 9/11 attacks made the US even more aggressive. Instead of developing policies that would protect itself, the US took steps that would cause global instability. It is necessary to address the root causes of terrorism instead of the outcomes. This will only be possible with the implementation of new global socioeconomic policies by prosperous countries toward poor and developing countries.``. Another good friend of mine,Evgin Heath, survivor of 9/11 said that " In 20 years, the  terrorist attacks within the US and outside threats were prevented and I am glad that the war is over. " When I asked her opinion of the ending America's longest war,  she said  I am glad that the US has ended the war in Afghanistan, but I am sorry for Afghan women. When I see the Afghanistan situation, I again think that we cannot thank Ataturk enough." 

I condemn the 9/11 terrorist attacks once again and remember with respect all the citizens who lost their lives. As someone who was in New York at that time, I still feel the impact of that attack, which caused innocent people from the ages of 2 to 85 to lose their lives. In between classes at the university, my classmates and I were in a state of shock, and we tried to understand what was happening after hearing about the planes colliding into the twin towers. Next, the US entered a war in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the following years were especially hard for foreigners living in the US. While I was able to get a job easily after university, for most of my friends, it was challenging to secure a job after 9/11, and they moved back to Turkey. The 9/11 attacks carried the USA into a new world where security and education, and social and economic importance were concerned.

The 20 years history of Sept. 11 goes far beyond military operations and foreign policy. It affected world politics and  world hostilities.I would like to share with you the most striking sentence of the latest statement of President Biden last week regarding the retreat from Afghanistan: “This decision about Afghanistan is not just about Afghanistan, it’s about ending an era of major military operations to remake other countries," Now, instead of conducting military operations, it will be the right step to act in a more coordinated way with allied countries in the international arena and to act wisely against terrorist groups and countries that are a threat to humanity and the world.

Otherwise, if we observe what happened in Afghanistan happening in another Middle-Eastern or African country in the future, unilateral or unwise actions could cause significant harm to that country's youth, women, and future.

The New U.S. After 9/11

Even though it has been 20 years since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the US continues to commemorate, discuss, and question the sorrowful aftermath of the incident. In particular, the eventful entry and evacuation of the USA from Afghanistan made the American public question if Afghanistan, which caused financial and emotional damage for 20 years, was the wrong target.

I had the chance to interview four significant witnesses who experienced the 9/11 attacks in New York. Their responses to my question of "What has changed in 20 years?" are as follows:

Cuneyt Gurkan, Businessman/Witness of 9/11 

- Following the 9/11 attacks, there were some changes in social life and culture in the US. People started to concentrate more on family life and made more choices regarding their domestic lives.

Even though these preferences are not radical changes that have been adopted by everyone, we can say that peoples' priorities have changed to some extent.

- US politics is not accustomed to radical surprises; it would be wrong to expect that anything that contains major surprises will be shared with the public when the balance of internal and foreign politics in the documents is considered.

- The situation in Afghanistan may affect the US in terms of terrorism. Taking a step back from leading the war, the US can now face terrorism on its own land and on American soil.

Kahraman Haliscelik,Journalist (First Turkish Journalist arrived to the World Trade Centers after the horrific attacks)

- The 9/11 attacks made the US even more aggressive. Instead of developing policies that would protect itself, the US took steps that would cause global instability. Instead of using the power of diplomacy, the US used the diplomacy of power. This brought along the development of the military industry, and, consequently, this growing military industry caused new wars. However, over time, the US realized that this cycle was neither beneficial for international confidence and stability nor served its own interests. The whole world has to keep dealing with the trillions of dollars spent, the countries destroyed, the millions of people killed, and the emergence of global terrorist organizations as a result of the US military's legacy of brute force.

In the end, the trust in the US has decreased. With the economic center of gravity shifting eastward,

- Local actors (such as the Taliban) who took over during the crises will try to meet the expectations of the world for a certain period of time in order to prove themselves. However, in the long run, the Taliban will follow the same firm attitude as before, which will bring along the emergence of new terrorist organizations. The situation in Afghanistan is extremely suitable for this. However, the new terrorist organizations that will emerge in Afghanistan will find space for themselves within the turmoil of the Middle East and will become more assertive in both the Middle East and Africa. The only way for the US to prevent this is to stay true to its traditional alliances, work closely with regional powers, and reinstate diplomacy.

- Terror has always been a global issue. The USA or the EU will never be exempt from a terrorist organization in Africa or the Middle East. It is necessary to address the root causes of terrorism instead of the outcomes. This will only be possible with the implementation of new global socioeconomic policies by prosperous countries toward poor and developing countries.

Elif Ozmenek Carmikli,Journalist

-On 9/11/2001, the most used sentence at the US press was "The US will never be the same!" This was, in a way, a big signal that the world order would change as well. On the 20th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks, we witness that this determination has spread into every area.  Analyzing from the micro to macro level within the US, we can summarize that only 1 out of 3 US citizens has a valid passport. Twenty years ago, only 10% of US citizens had a passport. So, Americans are not people who travel  the world very well. Many Americans formed opinions on 9/11 without any information on the Middle East and Islam.

-President Biden ordered the release of the 9/11 Commission Report.  Part of the freedom of information concerns realising  the important documents of big events in the history of the US to the public. It was Biden's campaign pledge to declassify the FBI files on the investigation of the 9/11 incident. In the news leaked to the media, it is emphasized that some documents reveal that Saudi Arabia had a direct role in the attacks. I have not seen a subject come forward in these documents that would feed the conspiracy theories. Maybe it will soon be clear how the plane to Washington crashed. I do not know how much of a surprise will come out, but the documents to be released will reinforce the ever-deepening security perspective.

-The situation in Afghanistan has dramatically impacted the US in internal and foreign policy and will continue affecting it in different ways; however, I do not think the situation will directly cause an impact on the US in terms of terrorism at this point. Providing that Russia and China win the international power war in Afghanistan, gaining power over the US, the Taliban would always pose a threat against Washington.  The Taliban can also use immigration to put pressure on the region's countries in particular and the West in general. The use and instrumentalization of migration as a weapon is a phenomenon that we encounter more and more. Immigration began to take on the same meaning for the West as terrorism does for many countries in terms of politics, economics, and security. This is a big problem that the Global North would indirectly face behind the truth of Afghanistan.

Evgin Heath, 9/11 Survivor : "We do not want war anymore."

- I was at the building right next to the World Trade Center, and we were impacted. I narrowly escaped death and still experience health problems.

- In 20 years, terrorist attacks within the US and outside threats were prevented. I am glad that the US has ended the war in Afghanistan, but I am sorry for Afghan women. When I see the Afghanistan situation, I again think that we cannot thank Ataturk enough.

- It is excellent that the classified investigation documents will be made public. We want to know who is directly and indirectly responsible.

A New Beginning

By Cemil Ozyurt - The coronavirus outbreak has altered life in the United States in many ways. The differential impact of COVID-19 was felt by low-income, immigrant, and other marginalized groups. As the coronavirus sweeps through the country, Pew Research Center has been surveying Americans to explore its impact on their lives. Job and wage losses due to COVID-19 have hit Hispanic adults the hardest. Most black and Hispanic Americans do not have financial reserves to cover expenses in case of an emergency. The COVID-19 economic downturn has made it harder for some Americans to pay their monthly bills. It was a tough period of time for us as well.

The Future of U.S.-Turkey Relations and Prospects in 2021

By Ali Cinar - For decades, US-Turkey relations have been carried on with a strength that has kept their vital strategic assets intact. The importance of Turkey’s geopolitical and strategic position and what it represents for the security of the West and the Atlantic Alliance has allowed the partnership to remain critically important. Turkey-US relations have passed harsh testing times before, from the Cold War to the Korean War and the Gulf War in 1990-1991. The strategic barrier between the East and the West that Turkey represented for the Atlantic alliance during the Cold War shaped Turkey’s Atlantic-centric foreign policy, formulations, and world view. Turkey has remained, for decades, as the crucial flank actor of the alliance and defended European security as the vital bastion.

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